Saw Palmetto 2500mg 90 Capsules
Saw palmetto is a small type of palm tree native to North America. It has green leaves, pointed, but also presents branches with small fruits. It is a palm that grows like a tree or a shrub. It can reach heights of up to 3 meters in hot climates with clusters of leaves that can reach 2 meters or more. It has a horizontal growth pattern. The plant has white flowers that produce yellow fruits. The fruits turn brown when ripe and are dried for medicinal use.
Suitable for vegetarians and vegans
Dosage: How to take it?
Take 1 to 3 capsules daily with food.
What is it for?
Saw palmetto is a level 2 supplement for prostatitis, which means there are significant clinical studies and research behind its use. Studies show that saw palmetto works best for prostatitis when combined with other prostate supplements, such as nettle root extract, quercetin, and curcumin.
It helps with the pain and inflammation associated with prostatitis and has even been shown to be more effective than pharmaceutical drugs for pain treatment by providing mild to moderate improvement in the urinary symptoms associated with prostatitis and BPH in addition to reducing nighttime urination.
In addition to prostatitis and BPH, saw palmetto is also used to treat:
- Low sperm count;
- Low sexual desire;
- Hair loss;
The active ingredients of saw palmetto include fatty acids, plant sterols, and flavonoids. Its fruits also contain high molecular weight polysaccharides (sugars), which can reduce inflammation and/or strengthen the immune system. You can add immune system booster to the list of saw palmetto benefits.
So far, the benefits of saw palmetto are associated with benign prostate cancer or BPH, control of hair loss, bladder infections in addition to acting against the decrease in sexual desire. Saw palmetto works just as well as some prescription drugs, but it takes about one to two months of treatment before you begin to improve symptoms.
Acts against BHP
The prostate gland may become inflamed or enlarged as men get older. The prostate then compresses the urethra, leading to difficulties with urination resulting in bladder infections, which can lead to cases of kidney stones and/or gallbladder.
BPH can be caused by a variety of conditions, including hormonal changes (such as excess estrogen), blood vessel damage, and zinc deficiency. The American Urological Association reports that at age 60, more than 50% of men will have BPH, and at age 85, 90% of men will have BPH.
Saw palmetto is able to reduce the symptoms of prostate hypertrophy, which include:
Problems with urination;
- Poor and/or painful urine flow;
- Frequent urination, especially at night;
- Feeling of a full bladder even after urination;
- Inability to urinate.
In some cases, men are at risk for developing urinary tract infections, and in more severe cases they may need surgery if there is a blockage in the flow of urine.
Saw palmetto acts to relieve these symptoms by decreasing the urge to urinate during the night. This is because saw palmetto increases the flow of urine and this makes it easier to empty the bladder completely. In this way, the individual will not feel the need to go to the bathroom so often.
Research shows that saw palmetto inhibits testosterone from binding to and stimulating prostate cells, which reduces the multiplication of prostate cells, which is precisely what increases the prostate. This is possible because the beta-sitosterol present in saw palmetto works to lower the level of dihydrotestosterone (DHT), a male hormone derived from testosterone, which is linked to BPH.
Other treatments for BPH such as alpha-blockers and 5-alpha reductase inhibitors, for example, cause sexual dysfunctions. Saw palmetto is a natural supplement that has no significant side effects.
A researcher named Gerald Andriole says there is no disadvantage in taking saw palmetto, but that it does not replace a drug treatment if needed. Certain medications prescribed by a doctor may help treat the symptoms of an enlarged prostate.
These drugs help relax the muscle tissue of the prostate to increase the flow of urine or to shrink the enlargement of the prostate and may even prevent its growth. However, every medication has its side effects and you have to pay attention to this when consulting a doctor.
Some men, even with proper treatment, need surgery to relieve the symptoms associated with an enlarged prostate. Andriole says that the surgery helps reduce the chances of developing a urinary tract infection and prevents urinary retention observed in some cases.
According to the study, taking only saw palmetto is not enough. The study included more than 300 men aged 45 years or older who had moderate symptoms of a prostate enlargement. Men who participated in the study were divided into two groups.
Group 1 took increasing doses of saw palmetto (320 mg to 960 mg) throughout the study and group 2 took a placebo. The study lasted 72 weeks and a slight improvement was observed in both groups, which suggests that placebo was as effective as the use of saw palmetto in relieving symptoms. In addition, according to Andriole, increasing the dose of saw palmetto did not make any difference as to the relief of symptoms of urination problems.
But before stating that saw palmetto is ineffective for the purpose, one must take into account that the study used a supplement from a single manufacturer and cannot consider this conclusion for the other types of supplements available in the market.
A second opinion on the study comes from urologist Elizabeth Kavaler of Lenox Hill Hospital in New York. She says there are no disadvantages of using saw palmetto. Even if it does not bring relief from the symptoms, it will not hurt.
According to Duffy MacKay, Vice President of Scientific and Regulatory Affairs for the Council for Responsible Nutrition in the US, which represents the dietary supplement industry, saw palmetto and other supplements extracted from plants do not produce an effect immediate and very significant. He points out that people need to combine activities like exercise, weight loss, and some inflammation-targeted therapies in men with BPH. He further states that if the symptoms are not alleviated with saw palmetto, it is necessary to resort to a stronger medication that will have an immediate effect, but that presents its risks.
Reduces the risk of prostate cancer
A systematic review of 11 studies with saw palmetto supplements showed that saw palmetto works as an inhibitor of 5-alpha-reductase, which means that it slows the conversion of testosterone to DHT by blocking the enzyme and preventing its formation. According to the research, DHT is responsible for enlarging the prostate, which may be one of the causes of prostate cancer.
The mechanism of how this occurs has not yet been explained, but studies with 2 prescriptions of 5-alpha-reductase inhibitor, Finasteride (Proscar) and Dutasteride (Avodart), have shown that men taking either drug are less likely to develop prostate cancer after several years than men who received a placebo.
The problem in consuming these drugs lies in the side effects, which include reduced sexual desire and impotence. Saw palmetto, on the other hand, can also inhibit DHT and help with urinary BPH problems, as well as regulate testosterone levels, help with libido and function as a natural remedy for impotence.
Studies have also found that saw palmetto works by inhibiting the growth of prostate cancer cells and can destroy dangerous cells. A study conducted in the Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology in Beijing found that saw palmetto induces the growth blockade of prostate cancer and the hormone DHT.
Prostate surgery (known as transurethral resection of the prostate or TURP) may require a long recovery period, but research shows that taking 320 milligrams of saw palmetto daily for two months before prostate surgery can reduce the time spent in surgery.
It also helps with blood loss, the development of problems during surgery and the total time spent in the hospital. Preliminary research suggests that saw palmetto may improve the effectiveness of surgery, as well as reduce bleeding and duration of catheter use. This has a positive effect on recovery time after surgery.
Reduces hair loss
Hair loss in men and women is called androgenetic alopecia, and it is common as we age. It is caused when the hormone testosterone is converted to DHT. This change in testosterone causes the hair follicles to shrink. As the hair follicle is the place where hair is produced and grow, its shrinkage results in a shorter lifespan and decreased production of hair strands.
As men have more testosterone than women, baldness is more common in men. Hair loss is something very common and people turn to many herbal remedies to try to reverse or block this process.
Saw palmetto is one of the most popular remedies that people use to try to decrease hair loss because they do not have the side effects of other medications indicated for that purpose.
A study conducted at the Clinical Research and Development Network in Colorado tested 34 men and 28 women, ages 18-48, who topically applied saw palmetto extract in lotion and shampoo for 3 months. The results showed that 35% of study participants showed an increase in hair density.
Retains testosterone levels
As saw palmetto inhibits the conversion of testosterone to DHT, the body maintains normal levels of testosterone. This helps with several aspects of weight loss, strength management, pain response, hair loss and sexual desire. To have an idea, a man with low levels of testosterone, in addition to decreased libido can feel chronic fatigue and malaise.
Supports the urological system
Saw palmetto supports the urological system in men who have BPH. This is due to an interaction with receptors in the lower urinary tract that can lead to urinary dysfunction and overactive bladder.
Saw palmetto works also to treat weakening urinary organs in older people or women after menopause because it strengthens the urinary organs and has been recommended as a natural remedy for kidney stones. The Journal of the American Medical Association published a review in 1998 stating that saw palmetto works on improving urologic symptoms and urine flow.
For the review, 18 randomized trials with nearly 3,000 male participants were done and analyzed and the results showed that 28% of men who used saw palmetto felt less than the urinary tract, 24% showed improvement in peak urine flow and 43% presented an improvement in the global urine flow.
Another study done at the University of Chicago Pritzker School of Medicine involved 85 men who randomly received saw palmetto or a placebo for 6 months. The results indicated that the use of saw palmetto leads to a significant improvement in urinary symptoms in men with lower urinary tract symptoms compared to placebo.
Low levels of testosterone are associated with low libido in men and women. Saw palmetto works to increase libido by increasing the body's testosterone levels. In men, sperm production is guided by testosterone. Little testosterone results in low sperm count.
Similarly, testosterone plays a role in the production of ova by women, with very little testosterone reducing egg production. In this way, saw palmetto can increase male and female fertility by increasing the body's testosterone level.
Side effects and interactions with other medicinal products and herbs
Herbs like saw palmetto can trigger side effects and interact with other herbs, supplements or medications. For these reasons, you should take herbs carefully and always consult a healthcare professional about possible interactions.
Side effects are very rare, although some cases of a headache, nausea, diarrhea and dizziness have been reported.
- Hormonal changes: Saw palmetto may have effects similar to some hormones and should not be used by pregnant women, who are breastfeeding, or who have had or have hormonal problems.
- Interference with iron absorption: Saw palmetto may interfere with the absorption of iron. Thus, people who are prone to anemia should be aware of their use.
- Interference with HBP medicines: Because saw palmetto may work similarly to finasteride (Proscar), it is not recommended to use this herb in combination with finasteride or other medicines used to treat BPH unless otherwise directed by your doctor.
- Antiplatelet and anticoagulant interactions: Saw palmetto can affect the blood's ability to coagulate by delaying blood clotting and may interfere with blood thinning drugs, including Warfarin (Coumadin), Clopidogrel (Plavix), Aspirin, Clopidogrel (Plavix ), Diclofenac (Voltaren), Ibuprofen, Naproxen, and Heparin.
- Override Contraceptive Effect: Most birth control pills contain the estrogen hormone, and saw palmetto, by increasing the amount of testosterone in the body, can reduce the effects of estrogen in the body, increasing the risk of an unplanned pregnancy.
- Blood pressure interference: Saw palmetto can affect blood pressure because the active ingredient beta-sitosterol dilates blood vessels and may lower blood pressure. Thus, people who already take medicines to control hypertension should be aware of the use of the herb.
Store the supplement at room temperature away from heat, moisture, and light, unless otherwise stated on the package label. Do not store in a bathroom. Just like any product that has medicinal properties, it is recommended to keep the saw palmetto out of the reach of children and away from pets.
Before using saw palmetto, always keep in mind that some medical conditions may interact with it. Tell your doctor or pharmacist especially if you are pregnant, plan to become pregnant, or are breastfeeding; If you are taking any prescription or non-prescription medicine, or any herbal preparation or dietary supplement; If you are allergic to medicines, foods, or other substances.